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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新37卷第1期 >  西學傳入與明末自然知識考據學:以熊明遇論冰雹生成為例

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74289

    Title: 西學傳入與明末自然知識考據學:以熊明遇論冰雹生成為例
    Other Titles: The Transmission of Western Learning and the Evidential Studies of Natural Knowledge in Laye Ming : The Case of Xiong Mingyu on the Generation of Hail
    Authors: 徐光台;Kuang-tai Hsu
    Date: 2007/06
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2007,new,37n.1,p117.
    Keywords: Gezhi cao
    Confucianism (Neo-Confucianism) and Science
    Ze cao
    Xiong Mingyu
    four elements
    hail generated by lizards
    Zhu Xi
    evidential studies of natural knowledge
    Abstract: 明末耶穌會士來華傳教,引入與中國傳統不同的另類自然知識,不僅開始行程兩種文化中自然知識的競爭,也促使士人以西學為鏡來省思傳統中國的自然知識,並加以考證或考據。本文以熊明遇(1579-1649)在《則草》與《格致草》中處理冰雹生成為例,來檢視他對留存於文獻中的自然知識進行考據與反應。
    In late Ming, while Jesuits came to propagate Christianity in China, they also transmitted alternative natural knowledge which is different from that of Chinese. This paper aims at investigating the evidential studies of traditional natural knowledge in terms of that of western learning done by Xiong Mingyu (1579-1649) in his works of Ze cao 則草 and Gezhi cao格致草.The author finds that, in Song dynasty Zhu Xi believed that hail was generated by lizards. This view became popular from Song to the end of Ming. Nevertheless, in the context of "gewu qiongli," it implies that the bizarre case of hail generated by lizards has its own reason. Under the impact of Aristotelian natural philosophy, Xiong Mingyu found that the reasons put forth to explain the generation of hail in Chinese traditions were different from that of Aristotelian philosophers. Through his evidential study on this case, he contended that the reasons offered by Confucians are not clear; especially, he considered the generation of hail by lizards to be groundless. It became a very solid case of the relation between Neo-Confucianism and science, showing that Xiong Mingyu was a pioneer of the evidential studies of natural knowledge in the encounter of western natural philosophy and Neo-Confucianism.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=848
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新37卷第1期

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