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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新41卷第1期 >  明清時期中西科技的比較研究:以耶穌會傳教士為主


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74377


    Title: 明清時期中西科技的比較研究:以耶穌會傳教士為主
    Other Titles: Some Comparative Issues in the World History of Science and Technology: Jesuit Learning in Late Imperial China
    Authors: 艾爾曼;Benjamin A. Elman
    Date: 2011/03
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2011,new,v.41,n.1,p.137
    Keywords: Macartney mission
    Jesuits in China
    technology
    history of science
    馬戛爾尼使團
    科技
    耶穌會士在中國
    科學史
    Abstract: For over a century, Europeans have heralded the success of Western science and assumed the failure of science elsewhere. Since 1954, Joseph Needham had stressed the unique rise of modern science in Europe, but at the same time he acknowledged the achievements in traditional Chinese science and technology until 1600. In the decades since Needham answered his provocative question, “why didn’t the pre-modern Chinese develop modern science?” we have increasingly acknowledged that our focus on the “failure”of Chinese science to develop into modern science is heuristically interesting but historiographically misguided. We are now forced to reassess how the history of science globally should be rewritten. T his article will focus on why the Chinese never learned about the “Newtonian Century” in Europe and its analytic style of mathematical reasoning until after the Opium War (1839–1842). Some still contend that the Qing state during the Macartney mission in 1793, for example, was too closed-minded to learn about the emerging early modern world. With hindsight, such views appear incontrovertible, but there
    were many external factors to China, such as the collapse of the Jesuit mission in China and Europe in the middle of the eighteenth century, which help explain why the Newtonian revolution came so late in Asia, and not in the eighteenth century.
    URI: http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74377
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新41卷第1期

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