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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新31卷第4期 >  論對<蒙古字韻>中元音性h的解釋——對一個老問題的新看法


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75602


    Title: 論對<蒙古字韻>中元音性h的解釋——對一個老問題的新看法
    Other Titles: The Interpretation of the Vocalic h in the Menggu Ziyun--New approaches to an old problem
    Authors: 沈鍾偉;Zhong-wei Shen
    Date: 2001/12
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2001,new,v.31,n.4,p459.
    Keywords: 八思巴字
    元代語音
    元音性 h
    蒙古字韻。vocalic h, hP'ags-pa script, Yuan phonology, Menggu Ziyun
    Abstract: The phonetic values of the vocalic h have interested hP'ags-pa scholars for decades but still remain controversial. The new approaches taken in this study are based on our view that the phonetic values of the hP'ags-pa spellings should be interpreted according to the surface values of the Chinese syllables instead of their underlying or reconstructed values. With such a shift in the basic understanding, acoustic phonetics, which is largely ignored by the Yuan phonologists, should play a crucial role in the interpretation of the hP'ags-pa spellings.
    In the first part, for the purpose of convenience, we show the phonological environments in which the vocalic h appears and summarize various interpretations proposed so far. In the second part, we discuss some critical issues involved in the interpretations. We point out that the invention of the hP'ags-pa script was basically a linguistic interaction between Chinese and Tibetan. Thus we focus on the difference between the Chinese phonetic forms and forms perceived by the inventor(s) of the hP'ags-pa alphabet. In the third part, from different approaches, we offer new evidence for determining the phonetic value of the vocalic h. In part four, from a phonetic point of view we explain the deletion of the vocalic h after guttural fricatives. We also explain a peculiar phenomenon in the MGZY, which is why some MC division-l syllables appear along with the MC division-lll syllables.
    In this paper we suggest a unified solution for the various usages of the vocalic h. Like letter U letter h actually is just a modifying feature on the following vowel. Its phonetic value is [-front], which changes [i] to a central vowel [ï] and [a] to a back [α].
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=108
    http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75602
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新31卷第4期

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