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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75633


    Title: 釋子苦行精神與賈島的清寒之境
    Other Titles: The Spirit of Buddhist Monks' Asceticism and the Clear - and - Cold World in Jia Dao's Poetry
    Authors: 蕭馳;Chi Xiao
    Date: 2004/12
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2004,new,34,n.2,p457.
    Keywords: 釋子
    苦行精神
    賈島
    Abstract: This essay discusses the clear-and-cold inscape in Jia Dao's poetry in terms of cultural intertextuality between Buddhism and the psychology of frustrated literati. Starting with observing Jia Dao's highlight of Buddhist monks' asceticism (dhuta-guna), the author reveals how the Buddhist metaphorical meaning of poverty is used by Jia to give a sense of dignity to the poet himself. Through this aesthetic appreciation of poverty, a term in poetics, qing (literally, "clearness"), was re-defined to diverge from its original meaning as an ideal of the romantic literati of Wei-jin period. While qing for Jia suggests a disdain of all luxurious happiness in the human world as a night-blooming cereus, the character han (literally, "coldness") in the compound word qing han bears the meaning of poverty, of the bleak and the desolate, and downheartedness. Using the clear-and-cold inscape as a lens, the essay goes on to analyze Jia Dao's landscape poems. It argues that Jia's power is to derive poetic significance that is equivalent to the Buddhist ultimate meaning of life from such traditionally negative images as poverty, the bleak and the desolate, loneliness, wildness, old-age, the passage of time, and even death. At the same time, however, the fact that the poet was a monk in the past and a frustrated literatus at the present creates a gap between his theme and structure. Jia's lyric style emerged in China's transition from mid-ages to modern time. The function of the Southern school of Chan, a religion of the common people, in the reformation of a new literary culture is particularly worthy of reconsideration by literary historians.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=62
    http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75633
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新34卷第2期

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