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|Other Titles: ||On Literary Form: The Interaction Between the "Aesthetic - oriented,"the "Social - oriented,"and the "Aesthetic - social"Balanced Literary Form|
|Authors: ||顏崑陽;Kun-yang Yen|
Since the late Qing Dynasty, it has been a common critical practice to divide Chinese prose writingsodern as well as ancientnto two categories: the prose of art and the prose of utility or, in another set of terms, the pure literary writing (chunwenxue) and the mixed literary writing (tsawen-xue). This framework of discussion views literature as essentially divided by a binary opposition between the artistic and the useful, a binary that results in the perpetual rupture between art and society as if the former existed in an inner realm isolated from the external realm of society without any interaction. This framework is problematic either as a theoretical formulation or for creative writingnd, in itself, are embedded the elements of deconstruc-tion.
This paper takes this classification of styles as its point of departure. After deconstructing its framework, we have to ask: is there an essential distinction of literary styles between the artistic and the useful? My argument is that such a distinctionhe artistic in opposition to the useful, or "chun" in opposition to "tsa"oes not exist as the eternal essence prior to the actual practice of writing. The classification of literary styles is only a mediating common ground made in and by language for the social interaction among critics and writers; it is only a "principle" established on the basis of a literary tradition and the consensus of the academic community. There is no ready-made "artistic nature" or "social nature" in literary styles, but there is the instrumental structure and function for writers to crystallize artistic and/or social possibilities in their works. Therefore, there are only two potential dimensions: that is, the "aesthetic-oriented" and the "social-oriented." Any literary style must simultaneously possess these two dimensions, forming a co-existent relation,
"aesthetic-social" balanced literary form.
Key words: literary form, aesthetic-oriented, social-oriented, "aesthetic-social" balanced literary form
|Appears in Collections:||[01 清華學報] 新35卷第2期|
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