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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 工學院  > 工業工程與工程管理學系 > 期刊論文 >  Performance evaluation of a multi-echelon production, transportation and distribution system: A matrix analytical approach


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/36597


    Title: Performance evaluation of a multi-echelon production, transportation and distribution system: A matrix analytical approach
    Authors: Chao-Ton Su;Fong-Fan Wang
    教師: 蘇朝墩
    Date: 2007
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Relation: European Journal of Operational Research, Volume 176, Issue 2, January 2007, Pages 1066-1083
    Keywords: Performance evaluation
    Queueing
    Multi-echelon
    QBD
    Abstract: © 2007 Elsevier - This study proposes an originative method to evaluate complex supply chains. A tentative multi-echelon production, transportation and distribution system with stochastic factors built-in is employed as a test bed for the proposed method. The supply subsystem formulated in this study is a two-stage production facility with constant probability of feedback and stochastic breakdowns. The transportation subsystem is a service facility with one server. The distribution subsystem under study is a single central warehouse with M retailers. All the participants of the supply chain use base-stock policies and single-server settings. We investigated both the make-to-order (MTO) and make-to-stock (MTS) policies for different base-stock levels, as adopted at different sites. Applying quasi-birth-and-death (QBD) processes as decomposed building blocks and then using the existing matrix analytical computing approach for the performance evaluation of a tandem queue constitutes the main procedure of this study. We also discuss the possibilities of extending the current model to account for other inventory control policies as well as for multi-server case. Numerical study shows our proposed analytical model is robust for practical use.
    URI: http://www.elsevier.com/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/handle/987654321/36597
    Appears in Collections:[工業工程與工程管理學系] 期刊論文

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