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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 理學院 > 化學系 > 期刊論文 >  Determination of triazine herbicides in aqueous samples by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/57172


    Title: Determination of triazine herbicides in aqueous samples by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry
    Authors: Nagaraju,Dongari;Huang,Shang-Da
    教師: 黃賢達
    Date: 2007
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Relation: Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, Volume 1161, Issues 1-2, 17 August 2007, Pages 89-97
    Keywords: Solutions
    Sodium chloride
    Phase separation
    Mass spectrometry
    Gas chromatography
    Herbicides
    Extraction
    Abstract: A simple and rapid new dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction technique (DLLME) coupled with gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometric detection (GC-MS) was developed for the extraction and analysis of triazine herbicides from water samples. In this method, a mixture of 12.0 μL chlorobenzene (extraction solvent) and 1.00 mL acetone (disperser solvent) is rapidly injected by syringe into the 5.00 mL water sample containing 4% (w/v) sodium chloride. In this process, triazines in the water sample are extracted into the fine droplets of chlorobenzene. After centrifuging for 5 min at 6000 rpm, the fine droplets of chlorobenzene are sedimented in the bottom of the conical test tube (8.0 ± 0.3 μL). The settled phase (2.0 μL) is collected and injected into the GC-MS for separation and determination of triazines. Some important parameters, viz, type of extraction solvent, identity and volume of disperser solvent, extraction time, and salt effect, which affect on DLLME were studied. Under optimum conditions the enrichment factors and extraction recoveries were high and ranged between 151-722 and 24.2-115.6%, respectively. The linear range was wide (0.2-200 μg L-1) and the limits of detection were between 0.021 and 0.12 μg L-1 for most of the analytes. The relative standard deviations (RSDs) for 5.00 μg L-1 of triazines in water were in the range of 1.36-8.67%. The performance of the method was checked by analysis of river and tap water samples, and the relative recoveries of triazines from river and tap water at a spiking level of 5.0 μg L-1 were 85.2-114.5% and 87.8-119.4%, respectively. This method was also compared with solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and hollow fiber protected liquid-phase microextraction (HFP-LPME) methods. DLLME is a very simple and rapid method, requiring less than 3 min. It also has high enrichment factors and recoveries for the extraction of triazines from water.
    URI: http://www.elsevier.com/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/57172
    Appears in Collections:[化學系] 期刊論文

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