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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新38卷第3期 >  情境寒喧語與病人回應量之關係:以醫老互動為例


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74318


    Title: 情境寒喧語與病人回應量之關係:以醫老互動為例
    Other Titles: The Relationship between Greeting Expressions and Patient Participation in Doctor-Elderly Patient Interaction
    Authors: 黃聖媖;陳怡伶;蔡美慧;曹逢甫;Shen-ying Huang;I-ling Chen;Mei-hui Tsai;Fengfu Tsao
    Date: 2008/09
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2008,new,v.38,n.3,p.451
    Keywords: geriatric triads
    greetings
    discourse analysis
    doctor-patient communication
    三人行老年門診
    言談分析
    醫病溝通
    寒喧語
    Abstract: 以病人為主問診強調蒐集病人的全盤性資訊;醫師的溝通技巧是促使病人主動發言的關鍵,而問候病人是醫病互動的開端。醫師使用適當的寒暄語和話題能促進病人發言。本研究目的在於檢視台灣醫師使用情境寒暄語與病方回應發言量間關係:情境寒暄語的哪些次類可引發病人較多的發言量?引發病人較多發言量之情境寒暄語,其話題有何特點?我們根據44個錄影語料,分析醫師在問診開場階段中,對初診老年病人和病人陪同者(合稱病方)所使用的寒暄語。根據病方發言音節多寡,我們將寒暄語分為 「低回應率寒暄語」(病方發言量小於1個音節)、「中回應率寒暄語」(病方發言量2-6.5個音節)和「高回應率寒暄語」(病方發言量20.5-67.5個音節)。其中,以高回應率寒暄語可引發的語意與資訊內容最豐富,醫病間有較多的問答互動(定位;grounding),所以我們又將「高回應率寒暄語」稱為「高延展寒暄語」。話題特性不同也是發言量不同的原因;高回應率寒暄語多屬於「社會關係話題」(例如詢問病人職業),中回應率寒暄語屬於「問診準備談話」(例如詢問老年病人聽力狀況)。病人最熟悉自己社會關係狀態,因此,此類話題可以引發較多發言量;而問診準備談話僅是醫療過程一環,所引發發言量有限。最後,我們認為醫師社會關係話題與老年病人寒暄不僅可以建立關係,病人所透露的訊息也是醫師在評估病人的社會心理狀態的重要參考。 As in most social interactions, affective and referential goals are essen-tial in doctor-patient communication: doctors need to establish a trusting relationship with patients so that they can collect holistic health information from them. Although good rapport should be established early in the greet-ing stage of the medical interview, exactly how doctors' greetings facilitate patient participation has not yet been fully explored. By examining 44 triadic medical encounters among doctors, elderly patients, and patient com-panions collected in a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan, we examine three research questions. First of all, what greeting topics are commonly observed? Among these topics, which ones encourage more verbal participa-tion from patients? And, how do they achieve this goal in terms of discourse structure and under the context of Taiwanese geriatric interaction? Three categories of doctors' greeting topics were identified according to the aver-age number of syllables they elicited in response from patients' response: greetings with low response (eliciting 0.46 syllables), mid-response greetings (eliciting 4.8 syllables), and high-response greetings (eliciting 41.1 syllables). We find that low- and mid-response greetings dealing mainly with topics related to the preparatory sequences of the interview, such as seating arrangements and name exchanges (low-response), and the patients' hearing ability or language background (mid-response). High-response greetings, such as those touching on a patient's occupation or medical history, are social-relational (Coupland 1994). structure by developing subtopics These topics extend the conversation and establishing 'grounding' (Paek and Horvitz 2000), i.e., background knowledge between doctors and patients. The patient is the expert on, and has exclusive access to, his/her social-relational aspects. We argue that it is the patient who holds the key to high participa-tion and extensibility of topics. Other high-response greeting topics, such as the patient's age and the patient's companions, reflect the unique and compli-cated relationships between age and health status (Coupland et al. 1991, Giles et al. 1994) and between patients and caregivers. Since social-relational infor-mation is as important as biophysical information in evaluating a patient's health, we suggest that doctors facilitate the use of social-relational topics at the greeting stage. This will help doctors establish rapport with patients and encourage patient participation during the medical interview.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=917
    http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74318
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新38卷第3期

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