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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/74319

    Title: 閩語莆仙方言的前圓唇元音
    Other Titles: On the Front Rounded Vowels in the Puxian Dialect of Min
    Authors: 劉秀雪;Hsiu-hsueh Liu
    Date: 2008/12
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2008,new,v.38,n.4,p.529
    Keywords: Language contact
    Min dialect
    Puxian dialect
    Front rounded vowels
    Abstract: 莆仙方言前圓唇元音的形成與次方言差異是本文論述重點。前圓唇元音是閩東方言與莆仙方言共有的語音特徵之一,但兩地方言在分布上有異同處,同時莆仙內部次方言也有差異。本文主張前圓唇元音在莆仙的成形與推廣,一開始緣於詞彙借入,因唐宋以來文讀音散播,與閩東方言影響,使得[y]韻進入莆仙方言。而後莆仙進一步推演出圓唇共諧概念,所以閩南的[i]韻,在莆仙相應轉為[y, ]韻。在引入前圓唇元音後,為了保有原有白讀音位與新進文讀音之間的區辨性,莆仙又以暨有之前圓唇音位特徵衍生出[]韻,從而形成現有莆仙方言的各類前圓唇元音。同時,對莆仙韻母的內部次方言差異,可歸納出三類肇因:1) 同一規則在各地演變速率不一;2) 同一規則應用範圍擴大;及3) 為了維持語言內部系統性區辨,致使連續性地調整變化產生。
    This paper explains the development of front rounded vowels and its sub-dialectal variations in the Puxian dialect of Min. Front rounded vowels are found in both Eastern Min and Puxian, but their distributions in the two dialects are different; in addition, Puxian also has sub-dialectal differences. In this paper, I argue that the front rounded vowel [y] was introduced into Puxian via lexical borrowing from Northern Guanhua and Eastern Min. Puxian further developed rounding harmony, which resulted in [yDIJ, eso] (corresponding to [iOIJ, uan] in Southern Min). The feature combination [-back, +round] was also employed to preserve the phonemic contrast of both colloquial and literal strata in the phonological system, and [ca] final was formed then. In other words, front rounded vowels entered the Puxian phonological system at different times and through various routes. I give three factors which influenced the sub-dialectal variations of finals in Pu-xian: 1) differing speed and spread of sound change among sub-dialects, 2) phonological rules which applied to different domains, and 3) maintenance of systemic contrast via successive adaptations of finals in some sub-dialects.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=921
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新38卷第4期

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