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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新23卷第3期 >  韋柏議題與東亞經濟活動的另一面向─民間文化與經濟活動

    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75531

    Title: 韋柏議題與東亞經濟活動的另一面向─民間文化與經濟活動
    Other Titles: Weberian Thesis and East Asian Development: Heterodoxy and Economic Activities
    Authors: 張維安;Wei-An Chang
    Date: 1993/09
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,1993,new,v.23,n.3.,p227
    Keywords: Culture and Economy
    Max Weber
    East Asia
    Abstract: 本文是「韋伯議題與東亞經濟活動——補正及其反省」的續文,前者底目的在於檢討儒家文化與東亞經濟活動底種種關係,並針對與韋伯議題相關底詮釋,提出分析與反省。接著這個線索,本文底目的在於探討居中國文化「正統」的儒家倫理之外底民間文化,取韋伯學說的「比喻」,是在「正統」之外的「異端」,這個面向是隱含在韋伯東亞議題中底重要議題,但是過去很少被提出來討論。過去關於韋伯東亞議題底討論,主要是著重在「儒家文化」方面的討論,而本文底議題則是取用韋伯學說的理論觀點,來分析與儒家文化並不那麼密切關連,但是在日常生活却具有重要性底民間文化特質,藉此來了解我們的經濟活動所呈顯的面貌。全文分為四節,主要的分析重點集中在第二及第三節。在第二節中,主要探討與經濟活動具有密切關係的民間文化特質:(1l文化底實用面與經濟活動:(2)巫術性格與財富底追求:及(3)實質理性被加以工具化。第三節的分析重點則在於分析與前述民間文化特質相關的經濟活動特質,分成(1)具有傳統主義氣質底資本主義:(2)憂心、飄泊與短期經營:和(3)親私關係: 「有利創業不利發展」,等三項來討論。整體而書。本文的論點主張討論文化因素與台灣的經濟活動,不應忽視儒家倫理以外的一些民間文化的特質,經由與民間文化關係的討論,能夠進一步了解台灣經濟活動的特質。 In " The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism", Weber classifies "Chinese religions" into orthodoxy and heterodoxy and considers Con-fucianism belonging to the former and Taoism to the latter. Generally speaking, people tend to see the "Weberian Thesis" as "Confucianism and Chinese capitalism" and ignore completely the importance of the
    role of heterodoxy in his thesis. In this paper, I want to argue that there is something new in the Weberian thesis. Though Confucianism is an orthodoxy in Chinese society, I disagree with the fact that the economic activities in China should only be investigated from the point of view of orthodoxy. As far as the discussion of the ideas and attitudes of acquisi-
    tion of profit in China is concerned, Taoism or vulgar Taoism, I contend, should be more important than Confucianism. Based on this assumption, I divide the arguments of my paper into two parts: the first part deals with some of the characteristics related to the profit-seeking which include the practical cultural and economic activities, the magic quality
    of profit-seeking, and the instrumentality of substantive rationality; and the second part analyzes the characteristics of Chinese economic activ-ities which are consisted of the capitalism with traditional temperament, short-term business with the sense of homelessness, and the benefit of small business resulted from personal network system at the expense of
    the obstruction of the large-scale development. In this paper, the concept of heterodoxy is of vital importance to our investigation of the charac-teristics of economic activities in China.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=242
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新23卷第3期

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