Huang Tsung-hsi (1610 9T>) was an intellectual historian and Confucian thinker in the late Ming and early Ching period of China. His interpretations of the well-known doctrine of the "Four Maxims" of Wang Yang-ming (1472-1529), the great Confucian thinker, reflects an important aspect of difference between the two philosophers. Huang had two kinds of interpretations of the doctrine. One of them is his denial of the doctrine as a consistent teaching belonging to Wang Yang-ming. The other is that he tried to defend the doctrine as Wang Yang-ming's teaching against other critics. The former is an idea that Huang inherited from his mentor, Liu Tsung-chou (1578 1645), whereas the latter represents his final judgement on the doctrine. The author of this article believes that, in either case, Huang fails to interpret the "Four Maxims" correctly. The main reason of this failure is that, in upholding the "highest good" as the ultimate doctrine of Confucian teaching, Huang did not recognize that in Wang Yang-ming's philosophy, the notion of the "absence of good and evil" has a status equal to that of the "highest good."