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|Other Titles: ||Noun Phrase Structure and Focus Marking in Kavalan|
|Authors: ||忻愛莉;Aili Hsin|
|Abstract: ||Noun phrases in Kavalan can be divided into coordinate and subordinate constructions. Coordinate noun phrases, except compounds which require an obligatory connector tu, are composed of two juxtaposed nouns or noun phrases and no conjunction is needed. Subordinate noun phrases are of two kinds: head first and head final. The former is seen in combining the head noun with nominal modifiers, such as possessive pronouns, possessive nouns, demonstratives, and locative phrases. The latter is used in combining the head noun with attributive or verbal modifiers, such as adjectives, numerals, and verbals.|
Kavalan is a verb-initial language, so the head-first structure is probably the major and unmarked phrasal construction. If so, the head-final noun phrases must exist for a particular reason. My analysis is that the modifiers in the head-final noun phrases, i.e. adjectives, numbers, present and past participles, all have the feature [ + V]. That is, they are originally the predicate of a sentence and then get nominalized by adding a nominal marker Pay. The original VP + NP sentential word order is still kept in the newly-formed noun phrase, and thus generates the head-final structure.
Focus plays an important role in Kavalan sentences, which are either agent-focused (AF) or patient-focused (PF). The subject is the only position for a focused NP and the case marking of the subject is in agreement with the AF-PF affixation of the main verb in the sentence. Other pieces of evidence proving the subject to be the only focused NP of a sentence are that only the subject NP can occur in the focused position in emphatic sentences, undergo wh-movements, or be modified by relative clauses.
Key Words: head-first; head-final; nominal modifier; verbal modifier; agent-focus; patient-focus; pragmatic focus marker
|Appears in Collections:||[01 清華學報] 新26卷第3期|
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