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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新27卷第1期 >  以觀念形成實驗檢測台閩語的次音節單位


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75675


    Title: 以觀念形成實驗檢測台閩語的次音節單位
    Other Titles: A Concept-Formation Experment on the Sub-syllabic Units of Taiwan Min
    Authors: 王旭;H. Samuel Wang
    Date: 1997/03
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,1997,new,27,n.1,p01.
    Keywords: 實驗
    台閩語
    次音節
    Abstract: The study uses the concept formation technique to investigate the sub-syllabic units of Taiwan Min to see whether the 'onset-rhyme' structure assumed by traditional Chinese linguists or the 'body-coda' structure is realized by Taiwan Min users. Army recruits and college students were used as subject. Each subject was randomly assigned to one of eight test conditions: rhyme, body, onset, coda, nucleus, tone, nucleus and tone, and margins. The test was divided into three parts. In the first part, the subjects were tested whether they differentiate sounds in different places of the syllable. In the second part, the subjects were to form the concept [ki55] in sandhi position (which is actually [ki33]) to get familiarized with the concept formation experiment. The third part was the main test which contained 100 items. Among these stimulus items half of them (50 items) were positive tokens and the other half negative tokens. The subjects were to form the required concept within these 100 items. The assumption was that if the speaker had one of the concept in mind, the concept should be much more easily realized than others.
    The results showed that the eight concepts were not significantly different. That means the subjects did not show realization of sub-syllabic units in the test. But among these eight test conditions, we found that the concept 'nucleus and tone' (i.e. [a51]) fared better than either 'nucleus' alone (i.e. [a]) or 'tone' alone (i.e. [51]). The phenomenon is rather difficult to understand from an analytic point of view. We suggest from a 'connectionist' point of view that the speakers first phonetic establish relationship among syllables before they realize the component parts of the syllables. The concept 'nucleus and tone' is thus more easily realized than the more abstract unit 'nucleus' or 'tone'. That is to say, the subjects realized the syllables as a whole before they realized the component parts.
    Key Words: Taiwan Min, sub-syllabic units, concept formation experiment
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=180
    http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/75675
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新27卷第1期

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