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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/80400


    Title: 王陽明「心外無物」說新詮
    Other Titles: A New Interpretation of Wang Yang-ming's Thesis of "No Wu(Thing) outside Hsin (Mind)"
    Authors: 馮耀明;Yiu-MingFung
    Date: 2002-06
    Publisher: 國立清華大學出版社
    Relation: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2002,new,v.32,n.1,p65.
    Keywords: 心外無物
    主觀唯心論
    泛神論
    新體用說
    意向性理論
    內在實在論
    靈竅說
    No wu outside hsin
    subjective idealism
    pantheism
    new theory of ti and yung
    theory of intentionality
    internal realism
    theory of ling-qiao
    Abstract: 王陽明的「心外無物」說是針對朱子的「格物致知」說而起,惟歷來對此說之解釋頗為不一,至今可謂未有善解。以往有不少國內外學者以柏克萊(Berkeley)式的「主觀唯心論」視之,亦有以斯賓諾莎(Spinoza)式的「泛神論」釋之。牟宗三先生則另闢蹊徑,以其修改過的康德(Kent)式的「新體用說」以理解之。最近有不少具有比較視野的學者借用胡塞爾(Husserl)的「意向性理論」來解說心與物之關係,可謂賦有心意。以上四說,我認為「意向性理論」和「泛神論」兩種解釋都較為可取,但卻未盡合適。相對於前者,我認為用普特南(Putnam)的「內在實在論」代之而提出的解釋會更為合適;相對於後者,我認為自己花了一年時間構想的「靈竅說」所提供的解釋更為恰當,它不只比「內在實在論」的解釋更為周延,也可克服「泛神論」解釋的缺點。總的來說,「靈竅說」的新詮除了在理論內部的優異性之外,也有思想外緣的合理性。

    本文的目的,主要是對王陽明的「心外無物」說之各種解釋作出疏理,從而論證「靈竅說」這種新詮的優異性和合理性。
    In contrast to Chu Hsi's theory of ke-wu (the investigation of things), Wang Yang-ming claims that there is no wu (thing/act) outside hsin (mind/ heart). Although the contrast is obvious, a reasonable and acceptable interpretation of Wang Yang-ming's thesis in this regard has yet to appear. Some previous interpretations based on Berkeley's subjective idealism, Spinoza's pantheism, Husserl's theory of intentionality, Mou Tsung-san's theory of ti and yung (substance and functioning), Putnam's internal realism, respectively, are discussed in this article. After a serious consideration of the strength and the weakness of these interpretations, I elaborate a new interpretation called "the theory of ling-qiao" (Intelligent hollow) which is more comprehensive and cogent. Under this interpretation, we can also explain the fact that the main idea of Wang Yang-ming's thesis is borrowed from religious Taoism.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=102
    http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/80400
    Appears in Collections:[01 清華學報] 新32卷第1期

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