National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository:風塵、街壤與氣味:明清北京的生活環境與士人的帝都印象
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 54367/62174 (87%)
造访人次 : 12959877      在线人数 : 83
RC Version 6.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTHU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 查询小技巧:
  • 您可在西文检索词汇前后加上"双引号",以获取较精准的检索结果
  • 若欲以作者姓名搜寻,建议至进阶搜寻限定作者字段,可获得较完整数据
  • 进阶搜寻
    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 清華出版品 > 01 清華學報 > 新34卷第1期 >  風塵、街壤與氣味:明清北京的生活環境與士人的帝都印象


    jsp.display-item.identifier=請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/80422


    题名: 風塵、街壤與氣味:明清北京的生活環境與士人的帝都印象
    其它题名: Dust in the Wind and Smell of the Road: The Living Environment of Imperial Beijing Through the Eyes of the Literati, 1403-1911
    作者: 邱仲麟;Chung-lin Chiu
    日期: 2004/06
    出版者: 國立清華大學出版社
    關聯: 清華學報,國立清華大學,2004,new,34,n.1,p181.
    关键词: 氣味
    北京
    灰塵
    道路
    公共衛生
    記憶
    Beijing
    dust
    road, smell
    public health
    memory
    摘要: 本文主旨在考察明清士人對於北京生活環境的印象與記憶。全文涉及三個主題,即風塵、街壤與氣味。作為明清帝國的首都,北京有著宏偉的城牆,壯麗的宮殿,堂皇的衙署,繁華的市街,與眾多的人口。然而,北京卻有著環境衛生不佳的問題。生活在明清的北京,每天必須要接觸的是:漫天的風沙,無所不在的灰塵,滿街的人畜糞穢,泥濘、積水與凹凸不平的危險街道;而北京城市的空氣,也是穢臭難聞的。對於這樣的生活環境,明清從南方來的士人,留下了相當多的記載,當中大部分的記憶都不是太好。由於環境衛生的問題一直無法改善,加上自然條件比不上南方,相當多的士人原本帶著憧憬前來,卻多帶著失望的心情離開。 This study aims to discuss the kinds of impressions and memories left on the literati by the living environment of Imperial Beijing. There are three topics involvedust, road and the smell.Beijing, the capital of Ming and Qing Dynasty, contains the grand city walls, magnificent palaces, spectacular offices of bureaucracy, prosperous streets, and numerous populations. However, Beijing has problems in severe environmental hygiene. Life in Imperial Beijing is full of dust in the wind, excrement on the street, muddy and scraggy roads, and horrible smells in the air. For such a living environment, the literati from the south left with many records that mostly reveal negative memories. However, these records also give us the above-mentioned profile of the city and show us the memories passed away. For example, the denizens of Beijing cover themselves with a veil outdoors to defend against the sand encroaching upon their eyes; the authorities of the Qing dynasty designated of specific personnel to spill the street with water to reduce the dusty conditions. On the other hand, the literati produced another special diagram representing people (male mainly) squating down all the time on both sides of the street. This diagram results from the lack of toilets in Beijing residences. As for the street, it's very difficult to describe the conditions. In addition to various smells, the ashes and bits of coal that residents dump every day also accumulate on the streets. Thus, a serious draining problem occured with the streets accumulatings garbage higher than the residences on both sides. In order to solve the draining problem, the authorities of the Ming and Qing Dynasty dug ditch in the late spring every year. However, the mud digging from the ditch caused traffic problems on the streets. Because the environmental problems could not be improved, and the natural milieu was inferior to that of the south, many literati came with expectation but left with disappointment.
    URI: http://thjcs.hss.nthu.edu.tw/catalogue_detail.php?id=52
    http://thup.et.nthu.edu.tw/
    http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/80422
    显示于类别:[01 清華學報] 新34卷第1期

    文件中的档案:

    档案 大小格式浏览次数
    JA01_2004_p181.pdf8075KbAdobe PDF2102检视/开启


    在NTHUR中所有的資料項目都受到原著作權保護,僅提供學術研究及教育使用,敬請尊重著作權人之權益。若須利用於商業或營利,請先取得著作權人授權。
    若發現本網站收錄之內容有侵害著作權人權益之情事,請權利人通知本網站管理者(smluo@lib.nthu.edu.tw),管理者將立即採取移除該內容等補救措施。

    SFX Query

    與系統管理員聯絡

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回馈