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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 歷任校長 > 沈君山 (1994-1997) > 期刊論文 >  Discussions on "the IAEA Guidelines for Assessing Volcanic Hazards at Nuclear Facilities"


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/80878


    Title: Discussions on ";the IAEA Guidelines for Assessing Volcanic Hazards at Nuclear Facilities"
    Authors: C.H. Chen;J.J. Shen
    教師: 沈君山
    Date: 2004
    Publisher: Elsevier
    Relation: JOURNAL OF VOLCANOLOGY AND GEOTHERMAL RESEARCH, Elsevier, Volume 134, Issue 4, JUL 1 2004, Pages 339-342
    Keywords: IAEA
    guidelines
    volcanic hazards
    nuclear facilities
    Abstract: The International Atomic Energy Agency's (IAEA, an agency of the United Nations) guidelines for assessing volcanic hazards at nuclear facilities have been revised recently by McBirney and Godoy (2003). Although these guidelines have considered many important criteria and can be applied to broader aspects of hazard assessment to nuclear power plant (NPP), potential hazards from submarine volcanic activities have been overlooked. We would like to provide some feedback to this important document in order to make it more complete.

    The IAEA's guidelines for assessing volcanic hazards at nuclear facilities have focused primarily on the potential risks of inland volcanic activities, although the tsunamis hazard was also discussed. While inland volcanic activities are indeed the primary concern for the potential volcanic hazards for nuclear facilities, we would like to point out that the floating pumice particles of submarine volcanic eruptions is also a potential source of volcanic hazard for nuclear facilities.

    In general, nuclear power plant (NPP) needs an abundant supply of clean water for cooling. Considering the cost for the operation of a NPP, ocean water should be one of the best candidates of cooling water. Therefore, any pumices, ash particles, and seawater whose chemical compositions have been altered due to submarine volcanic activities (even a small eruption) are sucked into the cooling system; this could deeply affect the cooling system of the NPP, and which may in turn trigger more catastrophic disasters. As a result, both tsunamis and submarine volcanic activities should be considered as the potential sources of volcanic hazards.
    Relation Link: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/homepage.cws_home
    URI: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/80878
    Appears in Collections:[沈君山 (1994-1997)] 期刊論文
    [物理系] 期刊論文

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