Graduate Institute of Linguistics, National Tsing Hua University
UST Working Papers in Linguistics, Graduate Institute of Linguistics, National Tsing Hua University, Volume 2, Pages 67-95
This paper deals with two topics: (I) an adverb ye; (II) two coordinators erqie ‘and’ and he ‘and’. We shall first argue that syntactically, ye behaves as an adverb in the coordinated construction; semantically, ye presupposes that at least one contextually salient expression P, distinct from the sentence with ye, is true. Assuming this analysis, we are able to represent and define the interpretation of ye formally, and to provide explanations for the characteristics of ye: (A) when a modal occurs in the coordinated structure, it has to occur in both conjuncts as in (1); (B) ye rather than erqie precedes the wh…dou construction as in (2); (C) ye instead of erqie appears in sentences with two contradictory conjuncts as in (3); and (D) ye can occur in shi ‘be’clauses, but erqie can not unless followed by certain adverbs, as shown in (4)-(5), respectively.