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    National Tsing Hua University Institutional Repository > 科技管理學院  > 經濟學系 > 博碩士論文  >  台灣跨縣市人口遷徙之研究-與五都升格和財政結構之關係


    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/86255


    Title: 台灣跨縣市人口遷徙之研究-與五都升格和財政結構之關係
    Authors: 翁貴貞
    Weng, Kuei-Chen
    Description: GH02101072521
    碩士
    經濟學系
    Date: 2014
    Keywords: 跨縣市遷徙;五都升格;財政結構
    inter-county/city migration;the special municipality reform;fiscal structure;conditional logit model;Difference-in-Differences
    Abstract: 本研究主要探討2010年四個縣市升格為直轄市(加上原為直轄市的台北市,俗稱五都升格)以及財政結構差異對台灣跨縣市人口遷徙的影響,以台灣本島19個縣市為研究範圍,同時利用總體模型和個體模型進行實證,並以Difference in Differences方法來看升格縣市在升格前、升格後的效果。

    總體模型採最小平方法,涵蓋期間為2004年至2013年,探討各項因素對淨遷入的影響,個體模型則以conditional logit model分析,利用2007年及2012年國內遷徙調查的資料,探討各項因素對居住地選擇的影響。

    實證結果顯示,對設籍家戶來說,升格事件確實影響其遷徙決策,但其對青壯年家戶和老年家戶的影響截然不同。另外,家戶傾向選擇財源充沛的地區居住設籍,但公共支出和福利支出卻無正向吸引力。
    This paper studies the impact of the special municipality reform in 2010 and the difference in fiscal structure on inter-county/city migration in Taiwan. Including 19 jurisdictions in Taiwan, we use both macro-level and micro-level analysis. Also, we use Difference-in-Differences method to see whether the upgrade of jurisdictions to special municipalities changes moving decisions before and after the reform.

    Our macro-level models use ordinary least squared(OLS)regression to investigate determinants of net in-migration rate during the period 2004 to 2013. At micro levels, we apply conditional logit model to identify the factors that affect the destination choice based on the data from Internal Migration Survey in 2007 and 2012.

    Our empirical results found evidence in registered residence that the special municipality reform affected inter-jurisdiction migration decisions in Taiwan, and the effect markedly differ by the ages of the householders. Furthermore, the jurisdictions with more abundant revenue sources were more likely to be chosen as the registered residence of household. However, higher expenditure on public goods and welfare did not appear to attract or help retain residents.
    URI: http://nthur.lib.nthu.edu.tw/dspace/handle/987654321/86255
    Source: http://thesis.nthu.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs/hugsweb.cgi?o=dnthucdr&i=sGH02101072521.id
    Appears in Collections:[經濟學系] 博碩士論文

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